Though many developers like to declare one programming language better over another, the truth is they all have their pros and cons. Since many languages are modeled after each other, their syntax and structures can be quite similar – so learning one will help you learn another. When choosing which language to learn, it helps to look at the popularity of a language in terms of its usage. The more common the language, the more support that language will have among fellow developers – as well as the more job opportunities and projects available in that language.
Here’s a quick comparison of a few of the most popular programming languages today:
Python has the reputation of being one of the easiest languages to learn, due to a simple syntax that isn’t overly strict and its readability. Compared to other languages, it takes fewer lines of code to accomplish the same goal – so Python requires less time. Popular social sites, such as Pinterest and Instagram, use Python and Google is also heavily invested in the language. It has a very active global community of users and there’s a Python framework for just about anything.
Java has been around since 1995 and was designed with a syntax similar to C and C++. It implements the “Write Once, Run Anywhere” mantra – meaning that you can write software on one platform and run it on any other platform. Java continues to evolve and keep up with the times – it’s used for Android app development, building server-side applications to video games, and in the financial industry.
PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor and is a server-side scripting language that is open-source, so there are many pre-built modules available that anyone can use for free. Designed for web development and as a general-purpose programming language, it’s relatively easy to learn, flexible, and can be used in collaboration with HTML. It’s often used in data-heavy websites and is the language behind Facebook and WordPress.
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