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Technology Trends for 2019 & Beyond

Technology is rapidly changing the world around us. More and more roles are evolving and becoming automated as we look to technology to simplify workplaces. As a result, there is a severe shortage of technically skilled people to operate these new technologies. The world’s governments and businesses need to act now to find solutions to this mammoth skills shortage. There are many trends in store that will alter the workforce as we know it.

Recently, Gartner released its insights into what’s in store for the tech world, and it appears that automation is coming in at the top of the list. Many jobs will become defunct as automation, chatbots and Robotic Process Automation (RPA) begin to replace roles in industries like agriculture, retail, transport, hospitality, manufacturing, and more.

Gerard O’Grady tells us about tech trends of the future

What’s very interesting about the predicted trends is that Python plays a very significant part in most of the named technologies in Gartner’s predictions.

Automation

According to Gartner’s Vice President, David Cearley, robots, drones and autonomous cars will start to become more common throughout 2019. “As autonomous things proliferate, we expect a shift from stand-alone intelligent things to a swarm of collaborative intelligent things, with multiple devices working together, either independently of people or with human input,” said Mr Cearley. “For example, if a drone examined a large field and found that it was ready for harvesting, it could dispatch an “autonomous harvester.” Or in the delivery market, the most effective solution may be to use an autonomous vehicle to move packages to the target area. Robots and drones on board the vehicle could then ensure final delivery of the package.”

Augmented Analytics

Machine Learning will continue to prosper, and it will look at transforming how our analytics is consumed, shared and delivered. Augmented analytics will become a key feature of “data preparation, data management, modern analytics, business process management, process mining and data science platforms,” according to Gartner’s report.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

The future is now as the tech world continues to embrace and enhance Artificial Intelligence. No longer does AI only come to life on the big screen. According to Gartner, data scientists and application developers will work together to create AI-enhanced solutions. The partnership will provide developers with “an ecosystem of AI algorithms and models, as well as development tools tailored to integrating AI capabilities and models into a solution.” It is thought that by 2022, “at least 40 per cent of new application development projects will have AI co-developers on their team.”

Digital Twins

“Digital Twins” refers to the digital representation of physical objects. It is predicted that by 2021, half of large industrial companies will use them. “Digital twins drive the business impact of the Internet of Things (IoT) by offering a powerful way to monitor and control assets and processes,” says Alfonso Velosa, research vice president at Gartner. “However, to truly drive value from digital twins, CIOs will need work with business leaders to develop economic and business models that consider the benefits in light of the development costs, as well as ongoing digital twin maintenance requirements.”

Gartner reckons that by 2020 there will be “more than 20 billion connected sensors and endpoints and digital twins will exist for potentially billions of things. Organizations will implement digital twins simply at first. They will evolve them over time, improving their ability to collect and visualize the right data, apply the right analytics and rules, and respond effectively to business objectives.”

A digital twin allows manufacturers to analyse how an object works before it is released. It lets creators monitor systems digitally and lets them simulate how an object is used. IoT (Internet of Things) allows these objects to connect with other products. A digital twin lets developers see how they would connect and work together.

Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality & Mixed Reality

Immersive user experiences will grow throughout 2019. These technologies look at how humans react with each other and the digital world. According to David Cearley, “Over time, we will shift from thinking about individual devices and fragmented user interface (UI) technologies to a multichannel and multimodal experience. The multimodal experience will connect people with the digital world across hundreds of edge devices that surround them, including traditional computing devices, wearables, automobiles, environmental sensors and consumer appliances. The multichannel experience will use all human senses as well as advanced computer senses (such as heat, humidity and radar) across these multimodal devices. This multi-experience environment will create an ambient experience in which the spaces that surround us define “the computer” rather than the individual devices. In effect, the environment is the computer.”

Blockchain

Blockchain has been one of the biggest buzzwords of 2018. According to Forbes, Blockchain is “an append-only transaction ledger. What that means is that the ledger can be written onto with new information, but the previous information, stored in blocks, cannot be edited, adjusted or changed. This is accomplished by using cryptography to link the contents of the newly added block with each block before it, such that any change to the contents of a previous block in the chain would invalidate the data in all blocks after it.”

According to Gartner, “Current blockchain technologies and concepts are immature, poorly understood and unproven in mission-critical, at-scale business operations. This is particularly so with the complex elements that support more sophisticated scenarios. Despite the challenges, the significant potential for disruption means CIOs and IT leaders should begin evaluating blockchain, even if they don’t aggressively adopt the technologies in the next few years.”

Other trends

Other trends that Gartner mention in its “Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2019” release include, smart spaces, empowered edge computing, increased privacy and digital ethics, and Quantum computing.

Now is an exhilarating time for the global technology industry. One thing that should be noted is the role that Python plays in all of these technologies. This is one of the reasons why our Full Stack in Software Development programme focuses on it. Whether it’s Blockchain, AI, VR, AR, or Automation, a knowledge in Python is a huge benefit to attaining a career in the future technology industry.

Our experts designed our programme with the tech industry in mind. It is created with insights from our Industry Advisory Council (IAC) Our IAC includes global technology companies like GSK, Paypal, Accenture, Salesforce and more. Their input into our Full Stack in Software Development programme ensured that our students graduate industry-ready with languages that are vital to the current technology workforce.
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