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What is HTML, and why should I learn it?

Here’s a great question. What is HTML? By now, I hope that at the very least, everybody has heard those four little letters put together before because let’s face it, most of us look at HTML every day. Maybe we just don’t know it. 

What is HTML? 

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. That might mean very little to you now, but it plays its part in every web page, which means it’s pretty important. To put it metaphorically, let’s compare HTML to the human form. HTML is like the head and the body of a person. It’s what gives a skeleton to all of our features. To give a clearer understanding of this, CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) would be what gives us our features, like the colour of our eyes, skin and hair. And Javascript would be to do with our movements and how we interact with people – like when we reciprocate a handshake, wink, laugh or ask a question. 

HTML creates the structure for each page that we use and view. It’s the HTML that adds in page breaks, paragraphs, bold lettering, italics, and more. This structure is defined by using tags that tell the text what to do. For example, to make a word appear to be bold, we put that word between the following tags <strong>bold</strong>. The first tag indicates the start of the word(s) that we want to make bold and the closing tag(/) indicates where we want the bold to stop. It’s the basis for pretty much every page on the web. If you are learning to code, this is the place to start.

Some tag examples

Everybody should learn the basics of HTML. It’s a crucial technology for all industries. Taking part in our free 5 Day Coding Challenge (register through the form below) will teach you some of the basics of HTML, and will give you a better understanding as to how it works. 

To indicate to a webpage that you are using HTML, each page will open with <html> and close with </html>. Some other HTML tag examples include, but are not limited to;

<p></p> which indicates the start and the finish of a paragraph. So, if you wanted place plain text and bold text within a paragraph using HTML, it would look something like this;

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Title that appears on browser tab</title>
</head>
<body>
<p>Here is a sentence with <strong>some words</strong> using <strong>bold.</strong></p>
</body>
</html>

Below is what that would look like on the front end.

Here is a sentence with some words using bold. 

Other HTML tags include; 

<em></em> italics
<head></head> meta text not visible on the webpage
<body></body> body of page
<br> line break

There are many others that you can explore in our free 5 Day Coding Challenge. 

How do I view a page’s HTML?

It’s easy to view a page’s HTML, even if it’s not your page. Here I’ll use Google Chrome’s procedure, for example purposes. It’s as simple with other browsers too. To view a page’s HTML, right-click on the page and click on “inspect”. There you will see all available code relating to the page. 

Why should I learn HTML?

As technology grows, so too does its use within business. To see how vital HTML and technology is to business, take your smartphone out of your pocket. How many apps do you have? How often do you use the browsers? Do you use it for shopping or to use purchases? Does it control things, like the temperature of your home? Do you use it to book hotels, flights, haircuts, or anything else? Do you use it to order food or to listen to or watch something online? To a certain degree, do you depend on it? 

Whatever your internet usage, most of what you digest and use goes back to business and various industries. Here’s the thing, code is not just about buying and selling things, it’s also there to improve services. Look at healthcare and how technologies are changing that. Look at manufacturing, architecture and more. Because of technology and code, all of these industries have been brought willingly into the 21st century.

First step – 5 Day Coding Challenge

Right now, there are hundreds of thousands of roles throughout Europe that require these skills. In fact, the world is going through a severe skills gap, and as a result, salaries are always growing for software developers. Employers recognise these gaps, and according to numerous sources, they are losing vast amounts of potential revenues as a result.

Take your first step in learning some of these skills. Register for our 5 Day Coding Challenge through the form below.