Coding vs Programming: What is the Difference?


The IT world has rapidly developed due to different software and technology. Almost everything that works in the world is due to technology. New software arises, people adapt to the change, and the world starts moving in a different direction, but one thing remains constant. The way technology is developed. Technology is developed using coding and programming. This aspect has not changed to date. 

Though coding and programming have existed for a long time, there is still confusion about the two terms. Therefore, we have gathered all the information regarding both terms to give you a clear picture. 

Now, let’s look at the difference between coding and programming step by step. 

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What is coding?

Computers need specific instructions in a particular language. It can not understand human languages. Coding is where a coder becomes a computer translator to understand what humans want them to do. 

A coder writes a code instructing the computer regarding what it has to do and the tasks it must perform. Then, they convert the code from one language to another without changing its logic and instructions. 

Coding is the first step in developing software. It can be called a subset of programming because it is part of the process.


Coding refers to the act of translation. It writes the instructions given by the user in the form of a computer language. Later, it converts the computer into a low-level language code for the computer to execute it. 

How coding works?

As mentioned before, coding is the process of creating a line of communication between the computer and the software program. The compiler translates the program into assembly language. During the coding process, assembly language is converted into binary codes. 

Binary code is the combination of 1s and 0s. Each digit represents one transistor. Binary codes are categorised into bytes—groups of 8 digits representing eight transistors.

The communication between the computer and the software is established in the process of coding the assembly language and translating it into binary codes. This process is how coding works. 

What is programming?

Programming means sending information and instructions to the computer or any device that tells them how to carry out the program. Simply put, programming assists computers in performing certain tasks and actions.   

Professionals use different types of programming languages, such as Python, C++ and Java. 


Programming is the art of developing and designing a logical software solution to a problem statement. The process involves creating, designing and developing an algorithm and implementing it using a programming language. 

How programming works?

Here are the steps of programming:

  1. Analysing the problem or issue
  2. Designing the Algorithm 
  3. Creating a flowchart indicating the steps to be followed to execute the program. 
  4. Coding
  5. Using tools for debugging – Removing all the errors in the program. 
  6. Testing the program by entering dummy data. 
  7. Checking the final output
  8. Documenting the process. 

Coding vs Programming

To provide you with a greater understanding. We have created a table mentioning the essential differences between coding vs programming. We have used simple language to help you understand the true difference. 

It is the process of transforming normal language into a language that a computer understands. (Binary language – 1s and 0s)It is the process of developing logical and functional software. It creates programs that involve the ratification of codes.
The logic is being translated into machine language or code.Specific tools are used for testing, debugging, implementation and compilation. All these are part of the conceptualization and analysis process.
Text editors like Notepad and IDEs like Eclipse and Bootstrap are used to translate the code into machine-readable form.Analysis tools, databases, data structures, code generators, testing tools, linkers, code editors, GUI designers, compilers assemblers, modelling algorithms, and debugging tools are used.
Basic skills in programming languages like Python, JavaScript, C, C# and Java are required.Along with coding skills – problem-solving skills and analytical skills are required. A programmer must be able to write complicated data structures and programs and work with various techniques. 
It is a trial-and-error technique.It has a proper and structured approach where attention to small details is required.
The result of coding is functional code. The result is in the form of software, a website or an application.
Requires simple tools and syntax.Requires a large number of tools and syntax.
Coders can create codes with a lower level of skill.Programmers need to be highly trained professionals. The training helps them use logic to solve complicated issues.


This is what coding and programming mean. We understand the cause of confusion because they are closely related terms and are performed one after the other.  

We hope you understand what Coding VS Programming is. You can always become a coder or a programmer. Both job titles have great scope in this world. 

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