What Is Front End and Back End Development?

Everything You Need to Know About The Front End

Not exactly sure what frontend and backend mean? Do you want to learn more about coding technologies, but you’re not sure where to start? A good place to begin is breaking down the difference between frontend and backend development.

Tech terms can be confusing but don’t worry, we’re going to figure out the main differences between frontend and backend. This blog will teach you exactly what each development process involves, and we’ll give you an insight into the main languages behind them.

When you hear developers refer to the frontend of a website or an application, they’re talking about the part of the website that you can see and interact with as a user. The frontend includes everything from the design, structure and layout of the website, to the content. When a new visitor clicks into a website or an app the frontend is the first impression they have of a company or brand, so a user-friendly (UX) frontend design is essential.

Now we know what the frontend of a website or app looks like, let’s take a look at some of the main coding languages that frontend developers use.

Front end Coding Languages

Three of the main frontend languages that software developers adopt to create seamless, user friendly websites are: HTML, CSS and JavaScript. HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, and it’s all about content. HTML defines the structure of the web pages that we view in our browser every time we go to Facebook, Twitter, Amazon, or any other site. Most importantly, HTML allows us to link externally to other web pages.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is the language of style. It allows developers to provide the visual impact for websites without having to write complex HTML. CSS allows you to modify the elements that you’ve created in HTML, and gives an insight into working with different types of fonts and other style features. It adds the design element to web pages and applications.
JavaScript is another essential coding language for frontend development. It allows you to enhance your HTML with animation, interactivity, and dynamic visual effects. It integrates the ability to provide immediate feedback to users, making web pages more insightful. For example, a shopping cart or basket on a website that adds up the total cost is an interactive JavaScript feature.

If you’re curious about a career in software development then there has never been a better time than now. By 2020 there will be over half a million ICT vacancies worldwide. The demand for software developers is increasing globally, and with that, the demand for specialised frontend developers will increase as well. There are currently 2.5 million frontend developers worldwide and the average starting salary for a frontend developer is €30,000. Now you know about frontend development, let’s take a look at what you need to know about backend development.

Everything You Need to Know About The Back end

While the frontend is the look and feel of a website, the backend is everything that goes on behind the scenes of a website or application that the user can’t see. The backend collects data from external servers and apps, and filters this information back into the website to process user requests. For example, if you’re booking a flight you enter your information into the website, that information will be stored in a database that was created on a server and will be processed to book your flights. All of these stages are part of backend development.

Backend developers are responsible for building the technologies that host these database interactions and user requests. Their role is essential; they implement and manage all the behind the scenes elements of backend development to ensure the smooth and efficient functioning of a website or an application. Let’s take a look at what backend coding languages are important.  

Back end Coding Languages

There are many powerful backend languages; Python is a dynamic general purpose language. It is the perfect backend language to start learning due to its simple syntax. Python can be used to build web or app prototypes, for development and data analysis. It is a constantly evolving language thanks to its open source nature. Python is a popular language among tech giants like Google, Instagram and Reddit.

Ruby is a dynamic, open source programming language with a focus on simplicity and productivity. It is a popular language because it’s easy to read and write. In Ruby, developers can adapt all information and code to add in particular properties and actions. It’s a flexible language; users can adjust and alter features according to their own needs. Ruby is a developer-oriented language rather than a machine specific language; it doesn’t restrict the coder.

There are 21 million Software Developers worldwide, so if you’re interested in a career in tech now is a perfect time. There are 5.1 million specialised backend developers, and this number is predicted to increase further. The average starting salary for a backend developer ranges from €30,000 – €40,000.

Hopefully, this blog helped to break down intimidating terms like frontend and backend, so you could learn more about the coding technologies involved in each stage of software development.

If you’re interested in learning more about coding languages why not sign up for our free 5 Day Coding Language? You’ll learn basic HTML, CSS and JavaScript and understand how these languages work. 

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