How to become a freelance web developer


How to become a freelance web developer

If you’ve got the skills, then becoming a freelance web developer could turn out very lucrative for you. Whether you want to work for yourself or offer your services part-time while already employed, freelancing can open many exciting avenues. Whatever your motivation for doing it alone, it’s important that you do it properly. Making decisions “the right way” can make you a successful freelance web developer. This guide will help you on that journey. 

The benefits of freelance web development

The advantages of becoming a freelance web developer are listed below:

Work when you want to

One of the most common reasons for becoming freelance is flexibility. It can be difficult to work 9 to 5 if you’re a night owl. But as a freelancer, you can often choose the hours that you work. This is ideal for stay-at-home parents who must plan their job around their child’s routine.

The important thing to keep in mind is that most businesses continue to operate from 9 to 5. Your clients may need you to be accessible for calls or meetings during regular business hours if they hire you. If they need you to be at a team meeting at 9 am, they won’t be sympathetic if you went to bed at 7 am. To be a successful freelance developer, you must remember that your customer (or client) comes first.

Work from home

There are many home-based freelancers. We venture to say that the majority of independent web designers and developers have some sort of home office setup. Moreover, working from a nearby coffee shop or a public library is an option. Your office might be anywhere with Internet access. You won’t have a small cubicle to work in if you choose to become a freelance web developer. 

You are your boss

You will most likely be the only employee of the company you work for as a freelancer yourself. Because of this, you won’t be concerned about micromanagers or demanding bosses. 

Choose the projects you want

You don’t have to accept the job if you can’t get along with someone or if an employer wants you to do something you think is unethical. You can refuse to take up a project if you find it boring. As a freelancer, you are free to accept the job you want and reject the projects you don’t want to work on.

Learn as you go

You may easily keep learning new things as a freelancer. You don’t need a boss’ approval to install PHP scripts on a server or enrol in a course if you want to become proficient in the language. The best freelancers are constantly learning.

How to start freelance web development

A web developer needs to be technically competent with design sensibility. Let’s take a look at the steps to become a freelance web developer:

Choose what type of web development type You Want to Concentrate On

The first step is to find out what type of web development you are interested in. There are three areas of expertise within the web development industry:

Front-end development

  • The best user experience for visitors is the responsibility of front-end web developers. This kind of web development requires making sure that the aesthetics of your client’s website meet their standards and preferences. 
  • They need to think about the appearance of the website as well as the effectiveness of the user interface as a whole.
  • Front-end developers create UI components like buttons and icons, select colours, images, and typography in addition to programming talents. This implies that it is your responsibility to improve every part of a site design that is visible and clickable.
  • You require an in-depth understanding of CSS, HTML, and JavaScript to work as a front-end web developer. You must be proficient in these three main programming languages as well as pertinent search engine optimization (SEO) techniques.

Back-end development

  • When you concentrate on the back-end of web development, you will mostly work on projects that include building the website’s core, datasets, APIs, and other server-side operations. 
  • In other words, the logical portion of a website’s infrastructure, which drives the front end, is handled by back-end developers.
  • Back-end web developers need to be proficient in several different fundamental programming languages, including MySQL, PHP, Python, and any associated frameworks.
  • Backend developers should also establish soft skills like effective communication and teamwork in addition to remaining informed of technical developments in the coding and programming fields. This is because a properly operating site depends on excellent communication with front-end developers.

Full stack development

  • Full-stack developers are responsible for both the front-end and back-end development of a website or web application. They must have a solid understanding of both areas of expertise, including HTML, CSS, JavaScript, as well as server-side programming languages like Python or Ruby on Rails.
  • In addition to front-end and back-end development, full-stack developers must have a strong understanding of databases. They should be proficient in SQL and NoSQL databases, as well as database design and management.
  • Full-stack developers must also have an understanding of deployment and server management. This includes managing cloud-based servers, configuring server environments, and deploying web applications to these servers.
  • The field of web development is constantly evolving, and full-stack developers must keep up with new technologies and frameworks to remain competitive. This means continually learning new programming languages, tools, and frameworks and adapting to changes in the industry.

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Gain work experience

You must obtain experience before starting your freelance web development career. As you gain experience, your coding abilities will improve, and your portfolio will grow, which will help you find more clients as a freelance developer. 

Additionally, it will help you identify the web development projects that best fit your abilities and teach you how to overcome challenges.

The simplest way of gaining experience is to volunteer. You may create a basic website for local companies or a personal website for your family and friends. Even if everything is done for free, by doing it this way, you’ll develop your portfolio, promote your skills, and ultimately persuade potential clients to hire you.

Create your personal brand

Your personal brand is more than just your resume. It relates to how others see you. You should work to establish a solid reputation in the tech and business circles as a freelance web developer.  

This means that in addition to producing top-notch projects, you must conduct yourself professionally when interacting with clients and users.

You need to be well-known online. This necessitates being accessible to other developers and potential customers via your personal websites. Always remember that getting clients will require you to speak with a lot of people, so get accustomed to it!

Put your best effort into associating your name with the terminology of your specialised skills in your portfolio, social media sites, and content.

Get organized

Being able to code is only one aspect of working as a freelance web developer. You also need to work as a project manager, a salesman, and the head of customer care simultaneously.

Even though you may not have much experience in these fields, they are equally important to the success of your freelance work.

Keep your samples ready

Having high-quality work examples to present to potential clients is one of the most crucial aspects of being a freelancer. Put your prior work in a portfolio. It enhances your professional image and demonstrates how seriously you take your business.

Alternatively, you may create a website for yourself that contains information about your work. When a freelance web developer is looking for clients or presenting new ideas to them, it may turn out to be one of your greatest assets.

Create a marketing plan

As a freelancer, having a solid marketing strategy is just as important as having skills in your area of expertise. If you want to get paid well for your hard work, you need to adopt a strategy that will help your skills sell themselves.

It is a great idea to start with individuals and organisations that do not currently have active websites or any sort of online presence, such as NGOs, small enterprises, etc., to build your profile and start making money right away.

Be reliable

Give your client a reasonable estimate of how soon they can anticipate the job back, and stick to your deadlines. Missing deadlines can give you a bad reputation.

How to start a freelance web development business

If you want to start your freelancing web development business, follow the given steps:

Set up your business

Being a freelancer indicates that you work independently. Hence, to succeed, you’ll need a business model to set up.

A perfect business plan should cover all important operational aspects and appropriately point you to achieve your career objectives. To assist you in reaching your target revenue, calculating any expenses, and selecting projects, it is crucial to decide on your company’s objective and create a vision.

Also, having a separate bank account that is used only for your freelance business is beneficial. This makes taxes, revenue, and spending calculations easier.

Attend to your legal obligations

There might be certain legal requirements or laws about independent contractors depending on where you live. You may have to register your operations with the government since freelancers are not regarded as regular workers or business owners.

If you’re not sure whether registration is required, find out from local legal firms what you need to do. As an alternative, you can employ an accountant to help you navigate all local laws and regulations regarding freelancing. These can help in managing expenses and deductions as well as annual tax calculations.

Also, don’t forget to think about how you’ll safeguard your freelance business. Working with clients through a third-party platform that handles projects and payments for you will make things much simpler.  If you want to deal with your clients directly, make sure you have a written contract in place that specifies how much they must pay you for the services rendered.

As a freelance developer, you also have a significant legal obligation to take care of: insurance. Having insurance can shield you from potential financial damages if a client sues you. Explore all of the accessible freelancing insurance options. Liability insurance typically protects independent contractors from complaints from clients about subpar work or contract violations.

Build a portfolio website

A portfolio website is a fantastic place for showcasing your prior work and developing your brand. You have the creative freedom to explore this personal project.

Visitors will have the opportunity to see a glimpse of your web development abilities if you attentively and artistically create your portfolio. Also, a winning combination of captivating information and gorgeous pictures can persuade potential customers to employ your services.

Include the projects you’ve worked on your portfolio website. This will give a trustworthy first impression along with testimonies. Also, mention your education, web development qualifications, skill set, and experience so that readers can get a sense of your personality.

Make sure you are accessible because recruiting new clients is the entire objective of your portfolio. Add your contact form, email address, social media accounts, and availability schedules on your website. 

To create a website for your web developer portfolio, you will need the following:

Website building platform

A simple way to establish a portfolio from scratch is to use a site builder, content management system, or portfolio maker. 

We advise using a CMS like WordPress if you’re searching for a platform that offers more customization and content management capabilities.

Domain name

Visitors and clients will enter your domain name into their browser’s address bars. Aim for professionalism and originality while choosing a domain name for your website. Use a .com or .dev domain, and make sure to conduct a domain name search to determine whether it is available.

Web hosting

You will need a web hosting account to save your portfolio website and make it accessible to the public. Get a plan with enough storage because a web developer’s portfolio website often contains several media files.

Strategise your marketing options

It’s time to sell your services after finishing the prior steps. Marketing can be difficult since you have to actively network with other individuals and business owners to put yourself out there.

Hence, in addition to building a beautiful and functional portfolio website, it’s crucial to market your services effectively.

As a freelance web developer, you have access to a wide range of marketing options. Before executing other marketing strategies, try to concentrate on one marketing channel as opposed to attempting to promote everywhere at once.

Some of the most used platforms for marketing your services are listed below:

  • Referrals: Referral marketing is still a great way to market your company and bring in additional clients. When you pick up new projects from people who are familiar with you from past clients or professional contacts, you’ll create authority. When requesting referrals from your clientele, act professionally.
  • Content promotion: Developing content for a certain niche is a great way to establish your authority and create leads. Integrate blogging and video publishing into your content marketing plan. Using the proper procedures can ultimately lead to more lucrative contracts.
  • SEO for website: For improved performance on search engine results pages, your website should make use of the best SEO practices. A higher Google rank increases the possibility that more users will click on your website, resulting in an increase in organic traffic and an improvement in your website’s exposure.
  • Offline events: Attending events like conferences, seminars, or webinars where you may meet prospective customers is an efficient way of getting recognized. It enables you to network with other experienced web developers, which may lead to business opportunities. It can also increase your knowledge and abilities.
  • Community or forums: An additional platform for marketing your services is a website community or forum. Participate in a forum where you can converse with other freelancers. Respond to queries about web development on Quora, Reddit, or LinkedIn. You’ll have the chance to network with other independent contractors and potential clients by doing this.

Where to Look for Jobs as a Freelance Web Developer?

You might wish to start by registering on freelance networks when looking for jobs. You can find a large number of job postings for web development services in a single location.

New platforms are emerging every day to simplify the relationship between the freelancer and the client. Furthermore, they help you to narrow your employment searches. You can use job alerts to get notified of openings that fit your preferences and filter job alternatives based on your abilities.


You must position yourself as the top web developer in your industry if you’re a freelancer. You will be able to improve your portfolio by showcasing your expertise and credibility. You can try a little bit of everything to increase your online income. 

Once you figure out which niche you want to work in, everything will fall into place. Just keep taking different jobs and update your website portfolio frequently to get new customers. 

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