How to become a full-stack developer

With technology on a constant rise, more and more people are looking at becoming full-stack developers. The opportunities in this field are ever-increasing, as all workforces are looking to technology to make themselves more competitive. So today, we’ll answer that question – how to become a full-stack developer?

Required skill set for a full stack developer

For full-stack development, you will need to be equipped with both front-end programming and back-end programming skills. A comprehensive insight into the common skills employers are looking for in full-stack developers is below. 

Front end programming

The front end of a website or an application is what the customer sees and interacts with. For front end development, programmers must learn to use languages and tools like; 

  • HTML, 
  • CSS, 
  • JavaScript 
  • and many others. 

Having these skills allows a developer to provide structure and layout to a website. In turn, these technologies allow a user to have a seamless journey while visiting and clicking on your site.

Back end programming

The back end is everything that goes on behind the scenes. It collects data from external servers and filters this information back into the front end to process a user’s request. So while the front end may look amazing, it has to back that up by delivering what a user is there for. 

Back end skills a full stack developer will need include a thorough understanding of JavaScript and brilliant coding languages like; 

Other great languages widely used in the back end include; 

However, Python is one of the most commonly used languages because of its simplicity and power. 

Full-stack skillset

A full-stack developer learns everything that’s required in both front end and back end development. They can work with the whole stack and have the experience to bring new applications and websites to completion. To find out more about what a full-stack developer can do, follow this link.

How to become a full-stack developer

Becoming a full-stack developer takes time and effort. It will require study and many hours of troubleshooting, debugging and more. However, there are huge benefits available to people with these skills. There are five steps that somebody should take to become a full stack developer. 

  1. Make a decision
    Reskilling is a serious task, and to ensure success, you need to be certain that this is something you really want to do. Write down your reasons for becoming a full-stack developer. Think about what will change. How will your study impact your home life? What is the end goal? These are some of the things you need to consider before embarking on any career change journey. Once you have made your decision, then it’s time to consider the next step.
  2. Choose how you are going to study
    There are options available as to how you want to learn full-stack development. For example, you can learn through a four-year programme in many universities – however, for many, this takes too long. Another option is to learn online. However, if you choose to learn online, ensure that your provider has a tried and tested learning management system (LMS). One of the major benefits of learning online is that you can have extra flexibility if you choose the right programme. For example, many Code Institute students can carry on working while doing our 52-week programme. Similarly, students on our course are not required to be at lectures at a given time. They can study the full-stack programme at their own pace.
  3. What to study as a full-stack developer
    A full-stack diploma will provide you with the necessary skills to enter this field, but there is room to specialise within this. Do some research as to what primary languages you want to learn on your journey to becoming a full-stack developer. For example, would you prefer your primary language to be Python, C, Java, etc? Do your homework on this. Some languages like Python are more in-demand than others.
  4. Try a coding challenge
    Some course providers, like Code Institute, offer a free coding challenge to allow prospective students a chance to sample the LMS and to see if they enjoy basic software development. This helps students experience some of the methods that are used in teaching the language.
  5. Start learning full-stack development
    If you know that this is something that you want to pursue, then start learning. Give it all that you can and strive for success.

How long does it take to become a full-stack developer?

How long it takes to become a full-stack developer depends on the learning method that you choose. There are a few routes that a learner can take.

  1. Use a recognised online bootcamp
    Code Institute students can become qualified full-stack developers within 52 weeks through its university credit-rated online Full-Stack Software Development with Specializations programme. 
  2. Computer Science Degree
    Choosing to go back to university is another option. However, a standard computer science programme takes between three and four years to complete. In addition, because of the fast pace of technology changes, what a student learns in year one can often be out of date by the time the programme finishes. 
  3. Teach yourself
    There are many free resources available that will teach a person to code. However, the lack of structure and support on these courses often results in non-completion, and it can take many years to gain the skills of a full stack developer. 

Experience software development

As mentioned above, if you are in the decision making phase of your journey, it is important to sample a learning management system and see if you can tackle some of the basics of code. Code Institute offers a free 5 Day Coding Challenge. After just one hour a day over five days, you can learn the basics of HTML, CSS and JavaScript. At the end of this free programme, you will have built your first ever web page. Register below to take part in the next challenge. 

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